Both employers and employees in New Jersey are protected by laws that require certain standards in the workplace. These also apply to applicants of jobs. Employees are entitled to:
- The right to be safe from harassment and discrimination
- The right to a workplace free of safety hazards
- The right to be free from retaliation
- The right to a fair wage
To ensure that employers are meeting these standards, there are several federal laws in place that are almost always superior to state laws. The exception is if the state laws give the employee more protection such as a higher minimum wage.
If you know your rights, you can protect yourself from illegal behavior in the workplace.
Americans With Disabilities Act
This states that if you have a disability but are still able to perform the basic functions of your job with a reasonable accommodation, you cannot be discriminated against for your disability. The disability can be both mental or physical.
Family and Medical Leave Act
This act allows employees to have 12 weeks of leave for medical purposes. For this to be applicable, the employee must have been at the job for more than a year and the medical issue must meet certain qualifications such as the condition affecting your ability to perform your job duties.
Fair Labor Standards Act
This act regulates the breaks employees should have, the length of days they can work, the employer’s overtime requirements and applicable salaries. Most of these standards are laid out by the federal government and the state must abide by them.
Age Discrimination In Employment Act
This act applies to companies with more than 20 employees and is only applicable to people over 40. It forbids employers from giving younger workers preferential treatment over older ones.
This protects workers from being harassed in the workplace by other employees. It also protects employees from discrimination based on national origin, sex, religion, color or race.
This is for educational purposes and should not be interpreted as legal advice.